The administrative system of Sher Shah Suri was so efficient that there was peace & security everywhere & crimes were rare. Sher Shah initially referred to education for Muslims. Nissar- The coins of his era were issued from different parts of India. One road was built to connect Agra with Burhanpur & other road connected Agra with Jodhpur. Descriptive identification: To check fraudulent practices in the army in inflating the figures of soldiers and horses, Sher Shah adopted the practices of maintaining the description (huliya) of the soldiers and that of branding (dag) of the horses. Photo Source After India became independent in 1947, India’s monetary system remained unchanged for a while, with 1 rupee consisting of 64 pice. His administration has been centralised administration just like sultanate period. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. 4. Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. The currency reforms of Sher Shah were so lasting i.e. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Sher Shah reformed the postal system as well. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. Sher Shah first introduced Rupya. His army included 1, 50,000 cavalry, 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants, and a part of artillery. We use it to this day! It was at Narnaul id 1486 that he was blessed with a child named Farid (later famous Sher Shah Sur). The king got daily report from different part of the country. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. A relay system was used for the transportation of posts. Sher Shah issued land grants to the education institution of both the Hindus & Muslims. His grandfather, Ibrahim Khan Suri and his father Hasan Khan Suri migrated from Afghanistan to India during the reign of Sultan Bahlot Lodi (1451-1489). Sher Shah re-established law and order across the length and breadth of his empire. Raising the cry of ‘jihad’ to infuse enthusiasm among his soldiers. The founder of the Sur dynasty was Sher Shah, whose original name was Farid. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. Sher Shah constructed several roads to connect various parts of India. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. Belonging to the communities of Hindus as well as Muslims. Deflection of Winds, Oceanic Currents & Coriolis Theory, Sectors of Economy: Primary and Secondary. There was no fixed ratio between the coins of various metals. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540 after defeating Moghul king Humayun. There was another difficulty, namely, that coins of all previous reigns, in fact of all ages, were allowed to circulate as legal tender. What was the real name of Sher Shah Suri? Jalali-Quadruple Akbar launched it. The name of the modern Indian currency is drawn from the same. Coins of Sher Shah Suri The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. This was the first time this denomination was used and, obviously, its use has continued to this day. Privacy Policy Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. Despite strong support from Shah Jahan, who had recovered enough from his illness to remain a strong factor in the struggle for supremacy, and the victory of his army led by his eldest son Sulaiman Dara Shikoh over Shah Shuja in the battle of Bahadurpur on February 14, 1658, Dara was defeated by Aurangzeb and Murad at the battlefield of Samugarh, 13 km from Agra on May 30, 1658. At the time of Sher Shah Suri to the throne of Delhi. This rupee minus its inscription lasted throughout the Mughal period and was retained by the English East India Company up to 1835. Several taxes were being collected from merchants, traders & manufacture when Sher Shah came to power. During the ruling period of Sher Shah Suri, he issued coins in different metals. During childhood, he did not get along with his father who had several wives. Name : Sher Shah Suri. Currency Reforms: So it is important to understand how an afghan warrior was able to defeat this defined highly skilled warrior. Sher Shah established a large standing army and introduced several reforms to make it disciplined, efficient and strong. Mostly Afghans in the army: He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. Sher Shah Suri was an able administrator. Sher Shah Suri appointed Qazi & Mir Adil to try the cases of judicial cases. Its basic features were as follows: (a) The system which Sher Shah introduced in most of the places was Ryotwari wherein the state kept direct relations with the peasants for the assessment and collection of the land revenue. He had the genius to see that government must be popularised and that the king must govern for the benefit to his subjects”. The first banknote printed by independent India was a 1 rupee note. The original name of Sher Shah was Farid. Allah controls the destinies of people at His discretion, and it is not up to us to understand why events often take one turn or another. Sher Shah’s system was adopted by Akbar who ditched the Shahrukhi for the rupaiya and also introduced gold coins called asharafi (mohurs). A perfect example of square tomb of the Pathan style it was constructed under the supervision of Shaikh Ahmad Niyazi. Every soldier had his chehra (face) recorded and his horse branded with imperial sign. daam-The copper coin run by Akbar which was equal to the 40th part of the rupee. The armies of the Lodhis were of the clannish feudal type, consisting … Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah… He is remembered for his revenue reforms and military reforms, which were on the same lines as that by Khilji. Recruitment: He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. Sher Shah, a grade-10 student was present in the auditorium along with his brother, Ahmad Shah of grade-8 when the terrorists attacked the hall. Sher Shah constructed 1700 sarais at a distance of every Kros. His original name was Farid Khan. Payment in cash: The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. In 1555, after Sher Shah’s death, Humayun regained the throne from his weak successor. Photo Source It continued to be minted, with altered inscription, by the Mughals and then by the British till 1913. Sher Shah Suri introduced the silver rupee which weighed 11.6 grams. Although the Suri dynasty ruled for only a short period i.e. Madrasas were centers for higher learning. Humayun defeated many Afghans but the Afghan Sher Shah Suri proved to be the most formidable enemy of Humayun and in 1539, at the Battle of Chausa, Sher Khan defeated Humayun and assumed the title of Emperor of India under the name Sher Shah. (a) Jahangir (b) Shah Jahan (c) Akbar (d) Aurangzeb 197. Who completed the Qutab Minar? His first conflict was with Hemu, a general of Adil Shah, when he was just 13 years old. His rival, Sher Shah began his coinage by employing newer weight standards and terms; the silver coin was christened ‘Rupaiya’ a term still current in modern India! PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Smith rightly observes: "it is the basis of the existing British currency" (up to 1947). Mongols and Tamerlane were the most efficient warriors at that time who were known for their raiding skills during the war. It was called phulos or money. Despite many attempts to introduce the sterling pound in India, the rupaiya grew in popularity and was even exported as a currency to other British colonies. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. The currency system had debased. Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. It was a silver currency weighed 178 grains. Disclaimer Sher shah was the first ruler who introduced news service on the back of the horses. Sher Shah defeated Humayun in Kannauj (1540 AD) and Humayun passed the next twelve years in exile. The names on the coins were given in Devanagari script. 3. Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. Sher Shah Suri or Sher khan, was the founder of Sur dynasty in India. In civil cases, Hindu laws were applied to Hindu & Islamic law was applied to Muslims. The currency system at the time of his accession to the throne was in a hopeless condition. 3) First coin with name 'Rupee' was introduced by Sher Shah Suri in 1545 4) The coins issued after 1840 bore the portrait of Queen Victoria 5) Acute shortage of silver during the First World War, led to the introduction of paper currency of One Rupee There was a separate arrangement for Hindus & Muslims in these rest houses. Sher Shah emperor of north-eastern India (1540-1545) and founder of the Sur dynasty, was the son of Hasan Khan Sur, Jaigirdar of Sasaram (in Bihar). It was a square or a square piece of pure silver (it was introduced by Sher Shah) and weighed 175 grains. In case, the officer’s faith in catching the criminal they were punished by him. His father came to know this and he wrote a letter to Jamal Khan, the Governor of Jaunpur. 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